Futhark Runes Chart

The Elder Futhark is the oldest form of the runic alphabets. It was a writing system used by Germanic Tribes between the 2nd and 8th centuries. Each rune has a unique meaning and associations and are often used for divination. While there are a number interpretations for the meaning of these runes, below are a general overview including their modern alphabet and colour associations. 

These runes are available in copper plated twig pendants, some are ready to buy and all others can be made to order, check out my Shop for more information.

Ansuz [AE]  Æsir (original pantheon of gods); ancestors, signs, ancient wisdom - indigo/purple

Algiz [EA] elk or moose; protection, power, long winters, life - white

Berkana [B] birch tree; Goddess, fertility, birth, growth, new beginning - white/green

Dagaz [D] day; dawn,  between the worlds, time, passage of time, change - pale violet

Ehwaz [E] horse; movement, safe journey, progress, transition, freedom- blue

Fehu [F] wealth or cattle; material wealth, fulfillment, survival, prosperity - green

Gebo [G] gift or to give; union, partnership, friendship, gratitude, giving - pink/red

Hagalz [H] hail (from precipitation); destruction, rebirth, transformation, awakening- white/blue

Isa [I] ice and glaciers; immobility, stagnation, rest period, stop slander - white/silver

Jera [J] year or harvest; rewards, tangible results from work, bounty - white/green

Kenaz [K/C] either ulcer or torch; transforming fire, enlightenment, wisdom, insight - white/gold

Laguz [L] water or lake; fluidity, water, psychic power, intuition, vitality - blue/violet

Mannaz [M] man; self, self-improvement, community, balanced living- indigo/violet

Nauthiz [N] need; hardship, challenge, overcome obstacles, evolution - white/blue

Inguz [NG] the god Yngvi; the Horned God, fertility, family, completion, masculine - indigo

Othila [O] heritage or estate; possessions, home, social status, acquisitions - white/gold

Perth [P] possibly a fruit tree; destiny, forces of life, unexpected lucked, divination- blue/green

Raido [R] ride or journey; travel, quest, find what is sought, life changing opportunity- blue/violet

Sowelu [S] sun; life, Sun wheel, wholeness, healing, vital energy, power - orange/gold/red

Teiwaz [T] the god Tyr; victory, success, courage, favourable outcome, justice - white/gold

Thurisaz [TH] the god Thor; protection, cosmic order, foes neutralised, defense - black

Uruz [U] aurochs (extinct large, wild cattle); strength, physical health, courage, power, wild- green/brown

Wunjo [W] win or joy; comfort, happiness, harmony, peacefulness, bliss- pink/yellow

Eihwaz [Z] yew tree; travelling the Underworld, cycle of life, transformation, change - indigo/purple

Wyrd [-] unknowable fate, destiny, cosmic influence - black/white